Golden Retriever Dog Breed, Facts & Information

Golden Retriever Dog Breed

Tips  and advice for their owners!

Golden retrievers are one of the nation’s favourite family pets and it’s easy to see why;  their friendly & can be easy to train fitting very well into family lives as well as first-time dog owners. They are very active and have high energy levels, yet at the same time being calm natured and very intelligent. Golden retrievers should be socialised well from a puppy, they are gentle dogs but must be treated with respect from all family members.


golden retrieverGolden Retriever Physical characteristics

The Golden Retriever is a medium to large-sized dog, they are known for their dense luxury coat and feathery tail which gives them their name, some retrievers have straight fur whilst some are known for having wavy fur. Their coat is water repellent and known for having as an undercoat and topcoat. There are 3 registered colours for this breed, gold, dark gold and light golden. This comes from 3 breed varieties, English, American and Canadian all with very minimal variants although the British are known for being stockier and the Canadian for being the tallest.  They are sturdy and muscular dogs with a broad head, with friendly and loveable eyes. They have a straight muzzle and short triangle-shaped floppy ears.


Age and size

The average life expectancy of a Golden Retriever is around 10-12 years. Feeding them good quality pet food (more on this below), supplements, and probiotics from an early age will give your pet the best start in life. Your pet will also need proper, regular exercise to keep them fit and healthy for longer.

The average Golden Retriever male typically weighs 65-75 pounds and stands 22.5 to 24 inches with the females weighing between 55-65 pounds and standing 21.5 to 22.5 inches tall.


Food and Diet

Finding the right food for your dog isn’t always easy but it doesn’t harm to try out a few different types of food just to see what your dog does and doesn’t like, you need to take into consideration of any health problems your dog might have and also age and health play a big factor into the right food for you Golden Retriever.

if you’re wanting more information on whats the best diet for your dog than its best to speak with your veterinarian, they will be able to give you the best plan on how much they should be eating  and recommend what food is most suited for your Golden Retriever

There are four main types of dog food;

  • Dry biscuits(Kibble)
  • Canned/wet food
  • Frozen
  • Semi-moist

Depending on your lifestyle and how much time you have also depends on what you should be feeding your Golden Retriever. Dogs love a routine so it essential that you feed your dog at the same time every day. Its also been recommended that you split their daily amount of food into two meals a day and that before exercising your dog you leave a 30-minute gap after food for the food to digest.

When giving your dog snacks and treats remember to take it into account of their daily amount or reduce their amount of food, treats should not make up any more than 10% of their daily calorie intake. Snacks and treats can be high in calories and overfeeding your Golden Retriever can lead to many health problems such as obesity.

Golden retrievers are known for eating anything they can get their paws on so make sure all food waste is in a secure bin and where you keep food is out of reach for them.



Golden retrievers are known for being loyal, friendly, intelligent, and gentle dogs, they are very eager to please their owners making them very obedient.

Most golden retrievers get on with other dogs as well as young children making them an ideal breed for families.

Golden Retrievers don’t tend to have behavioral issues but if they’re not trained properly from a puppy then they can pick up bad habitats such as being very vocal and not knowing how to socialise properly around people and other dogs They can be left on their own for short periods of time.

Golden retrieves love spending time with their owners so left for long periods of time can make them suffer from separation anxiety.


Golden Retriever care

As we’ve already learned from this blog is that Golden Retrievers are known for their beautiful coats, luxury golden fur that’s long soft and wavy,  but it all comes at a lot of work, although they don’t need clipping retrievers do need regular bathing, brushing and trimming ( unfortunately they are known for having a distinctive doggy smell).

When bathing them make sure not to strip their coat of its natural oils that keep it shiny, healthy and water-resistant.

Golden Retrievers are also known for shedding a lot especially during spring and winter, this is due to their coat matching the seasons, but keeping a regular grooming routine will help keep their hair manageable.

You need to give them even more attention if you’ve been in the outdoors, behind their ears and back of their legs are prone to getting matted so keep them brushed regularly to avoid this. golden retrievers also love water and known for being active swimmers so make sure their ears are kept dry to prevent ear infections if you see any of the following signs:

  • Holding head to one side
  • Head shaking
  • Scratching the ear

contact your veterinarian for a check-up if your dog has any of these symptoms.


Common health problems

with any dog and purebred dog, their always some common health problems they seem to suffer from, here is a list of the most common health problems seen in Golden Retrievers:

  • Hip dysplasia– This is when the hip joining doesn’t fit perfectly together, eventually, this does lead to arthritis.
  • eye problems – Cataracts, multifocal retinal dysplasia, glaucoma, generalised progressive retinal atrophy, retinal pigment epithelial dystrophy
  • Elbow dysplasia – This is where the elbow joining doesn’t fit perfectly together, eventually it will lead to arthritis
  • skin allergies – Golden retrievers are prone to having a lot of asking problems
  • Ichthyosis – this is also a skin disease that causes the thickening of the footpads and many other areas of the skin rough, it is also covered by thick grease flakes that stick to the dog’s hair.


Now that you have all the tips and advice you need to effectively care for your Golden retriever, it’s time to go ahead and have some fun with your new companion.

The Golden Retriever makes a wonderful companion. By following the right steps, you and your pooch can lead a long, happy life together.