Pug Dog Breed – Information, Facts and Buying Advice

Pug Dog Breed

Pugs are one of the oldest breeds found dated back to 400bc, they were known for being royal dogs in china and treated like royalty, fast forward many years these lapdogs are very much loved and still treated like royalty.

Pugs are the perfect companion dogs, they love to please their owners and be by their side wherever you go ( this is why they are known as shadow dogs) with their goofy expressions and funny behavior these dogs are very comical and are guaranteed to put a smile on your face. The Pug adapts very well to situations and makes the perfect family dog due to their kindness and nature.


pugPugs Appearance

Pugs are most certainly known for their looks, they are part of the brachycephalic group meaning flat face, their heads are quite large in relation to their bodies, their noses are black and actually quite large compared to the size of their head, their eyes are large, dark and very expressive.

Pugs are sturdy, muscular & compact coming in a variety of colours, fawn, black, apricot, and silver with fawn being the most traditional. Their fur is a double coat which is smooth short and glossy, pugs are known for being very expressionist and comical and show this in their facial expressions.

Pugs ears are small and soft, almost like touching velvet, they come in two shapes round and button-shaped, their noses are black and actually quite large in proportion to the rest of the size of their head. they are known for their tightly curled tail which can be double or single curled, and their markings of a black line down their back. Pugs mask is also black and should be as dark as possible, their mouth is flat which tends to give them have undershot.

pugs posture makes them stand very well, showing a proud look, this is by their chunky necks which are slightly arched making them stand in this particular way. Their appearance is definitely unique but you can’t help love these adorable little bundles of joy.


Size & Life Expectancy of a Pug Dog.

pugs are a small size dog, part of the toy dog family, females typically weigh between 6.5-8.3kg with the males weighing the same, as for height females and males on average are 25.4-35cm. The pug has a life span of 12-14 years.


Food and Diet

Pugs are notoriously known for their love of food, they will eat anything and when we say anything literally anything!  most pugs will only obey or do anything when food involved (very food driven) so it is really important to watch your pugs weight, and not overfeed them and exercise regularly, they are also known for going through bins so make sure all food waste and where you store your food is always secure.

Pugs diets depend on their age and health conditions, feed them a complete dog food to keep them slim and healthy. The four main types of dog food available are;

  • kibble (dry biscuits)
  • Frozen
  • Semi-moist
  • canned or wet food

The type you choose will ultimately depends on your lifestyle, how much time you have to prepare their food, and your dog’s preference. It doesn’t hurt to try out a few different types first to see how they respond to each one.

If you are not sure which is the best food for you pug then its best to discuss this with your veterinarian, they will be able to give you the best advice on what is suitable for your pug and also recommend how much you should be feeding them too. its also recommended that you split their daily allowance meal into two meals a day for them – remember to leave a gap of at least 30minutes before exercising giving time for the food to digest. Dogs love routine so try and feed them at the same time every day.

when giving your dogs treat, they should be given in moderation, snack and treats can be high in calories and can unbalance their diet, When giving your dog snacks and treats remember to take it into account of their daily amount or reduce their amount of food, treats should not make up any more than 10% of their daily calories intake.



Pugs are one of the UK’s favourite breeds and it’s easy to see why, pugs are known for being very sociable and loving, and extremely friendly, they are very loyal and always wanting to please their owner. Their goofy and silly and always making you laugh with their expressions and personality.

pugs need to be mentally stimulated and are always wanting to learn so learning new tricks is something they enjoy! (and because food is involved). Pugs adapt to life very quickly and wherever they live they are happy, this is why they make such great companies for families, older people and even living in flats.

Although they have their moments of madness and silliness once inside they can become very lazy and inactive they love their sleep. the reason pugs make great family pets is because they are known for their friendliness and caring around children they are excellent around very young children.

Pugs do have a stubborn streak in them so when it comes to training you do need to have a firm hand and make sure they understand who is in control otherwise can lead to behavioral problems.


Pug Maintenance

As we previously learned pugs have a double coat, although low maintenance this means they shed an awful lot, they need regular brushing and tend to shed more during spring and autumn months, although most pug owners say its all year round.

Pugs need walking on a regular basis but don’t need to be taken far due to the breed and their breathing problems, however walking is essential for them as they are very greedy and can easily gain weight. when eating they tend to take in a lot of air, this makes the breed very gassy and is known for the flatulence.

pugs have flat faces and their face appears squashed. Their wrinkles on their faces need to be cleaned on a regular basis to stop a build-up of said charge, and from getting infections.

pugs are very social dogs so do not like to be left on their own for long periods of time, Pugs can suffer from server separation anxiety when left alone for too long, they are not known for their barking and are usually very quiet dogs.

House training can be a nightmare for pugs as they can take a lot longer to learn than other dogs with it being up to 1 year, you must be consistent with potty training pugs otherwise it could end up being a major problem.


Health problems

With any dog there is always going to be some health issues, With brachycephalic breeds, there does tend to be a fair few health problems here is a list of the most common health problem found in Pugs:

  • Eye ulcers & disorders
  • Breathing problems – Elongated soft palate, stenotic Nares
  • PDE – (pug dog encephalitis )
  • Obesity
  • Leg problems
  • Spine issues


Now that you have all the tips and advice you need to effectively care for your Pug, it’s time to go ahead and have some fun with your new companion.

The Pug makes a wonderful companion and guaranteed to make you laugh. By following the right steps, you and your pooch can lead a long, happy life together.